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science, wellness

Get To Know Your Terpenes

Become an expert in one of the key ingredients behind cannabis’ effects

When we cultivate our cannabis flower and develop our products, we keep the various terpene profiles in mind so that we can help each patient achieve their individual therapeutic goals.

For example, beta-caryophyllene (BCP), a terpene often found in black pepper and rosemary, may help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.

Here’s some more specific information on other foundational cannabis terpenes and what they can do for you:


Limonene is perhaps the most well-known terpene and one found most commonly in citrus fruits. Aside from its pleasant aroma, limonene has demonstrated therapeutic utility and potential in a variety of medical conditions. In a pre-clinical gastric cancer study, limonene demonstrated anti-cancer properties, effectively shrinking tumors in laboratory models.

In addition, an early-phase depression study showed that limonene played a significant role in the regulation of hormones known to affect mood and anxiety (serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine).

In cannabis, limonene is commonly found in Durban Poison, Jack Herer, and Super Lemon Haze cultivars, among others.



Linalool, a floral, sweet-smelling terpene commonly found in lavender and basil, is often used as an anti-stress remedy. In addition to its calming effects, linalool has demonstrated anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects. One study showed that small doses of inhaled lavender in the postoperative setting may have contributed to patients’ reduced morphine demand.

Some cannabis cultivars that have tested positive for large ratios of linalool include: Pure Kush, Pink Kush, Amnesia Haze, Lavender, L.A. Confidential, and OG Shark.



Pinene has been known to serve as an effective anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, anti-viral, and anti-bacterial agent. There is also some evidence that pinene may provide a form of gastrointestinal protection. Pre-clinical data suggest that pinene may behave similarly to drugs called benzodiazepines (like Valium and Xanax), further proof of its potential as an effective treatment for anxiety.

Pinene is commonly found in cannabis cultivars such as Blue Dream, AK47, and Harlequin.




Alpha-bisabolol is best characterized as a floral terpene, evoking scents frequently found in various types of chamomile. While it is known as a secondary terpene, that shouldn’t minimize its utility. In a 2012 study, alpha-bisabolol demonstrated significant anti-cancer activity in synergy with other proven anti-leukemic agents. An earlier study provided evidence of its anti-nociceptive properties, which are linked to a reduction in pain response.

Some cannabis cultivars thought to be rich in alpha-bisabolol are indica-heavy Kush cultivars such as Headmaster Kush and Pink Kush, as well as CBD-rich cultivars like AC/DC and Harle-Tsu.



Humulene is most closely associated with a sweet, hoppy fragrance, and is often found in basil, hops, and sage. It seems to have applications as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-cancer treatment. A 2016 study demonstrated anti-cancer properties of humulene in conjunction with phytocannabinoids and beta-caryophyllene.

Humulene’s anti-inflammatory potential was first suggested in a 2009 study that found that humulene possessed both preventative and therapeutic properties, primarily demonstrated by its ability to reduce inflammatory mediators.

Headband, GG#4, Candyland, and Thin Mint Cookies are some of the strains known to be rich in humulene.


For more information on these and other terpenes, and to find a product best suited to your needs, visit your local Liberty dispensary and talk to one of our Wellness Guides.