Beyond Flower: Get to Know Your Cannabis Concentrates
Everything you need to know about shatter, badder, budder, sauce, live resin and more
If you’re new to cannabis, you may be baffled by the sheer variety of products when you first enter a dispensary. Maybe you’d been expecting to see nothing but leaves and seeds, pipes and bongs, but it turns out that’s only a fraction of the offerings.
Fear not: Your helpful Liberty Wellness Guides are happy to walk you through the benefits of the different formats cannabis can take.
Today, let’s focus on concentrates.
Concentrates can be found in several different forms, each with their own unique and subtle qualities.
Concentrates are created by the mechanical or chemical separation of resin glands (also known as trichomes) from the cannabis flower or bud. A variety of factors influence the quality and potency of concentrates. Harvested leaf trim, as well as dry and fresh whole flower, can be used to produce concentrates. The quality of each of these inputs significantly affects the consistency, viscosity, color, texture, and other characteristics found in the resulting product.
Newer forms of concentrates (such as shatter, badder, budder, sauce, and live resin) are made with solvents; cannabis plant matter is subjected to high-pressure immersion in low-boiling-point solvents such as butane, ethanol, or CO2.
This process produces a solution comprised of oily, sticky cannabis resin and terpenes. Because these solvents evaporate, boil off, or return to gas form at relatively low temperatures, they are easily removed, yielding a highly pure, potent cannabis extract. The composition of the final product is often determined by subtle and often proprietary techniques applied to the material during final processing stages.
Most people prefer to consume concentrates using a “dab rig” or “vape rig.” These devices are similar to traditional water pipes or bongs, with the main difference being that a high-temperature titanium nail and/or quartz banger is used to vaporize the material.